344 ETYMOLOGY OF LOCAi NAMES. . MI! and forest people of northern and central Indiaj possibly also the -whole Malay race of the Arcliipelago? are called. " I am not aware that in this theory be has found any followers : whatever the origin of the Malays, there is no more reason to suppose a connection between them and the Malls of our gar- dens, than between man, the biped, and man, a weight of 40 sers. As the let- ters ofthe alphabet are necessarily limited, it must occasionally happen that com- binations are formed which are quite independent of one another and vet in ap- pearance are identical. Among examples of the i afSx we find in Mutlmra, from dMmcar, *a fisherman,' Dliimari, a fishing village on the bank of the Jamnnu : from a founder Husaln. a Tillage Husaini ; from Pal, the favourite title of a Th&kur elan, Pali ; from Pingal, Pingari ; from baMl, the acacia, Babiiri ; from Khajur, Khajuri: and from b'ndra, ' the river bank, ' Kinari. A lengthened form of the same affix is iya, which we find in Jagatiya and Khandiya, Another affix, which in ordinary Sanskrit literature occurs as frequently as i and with precisely the same signification, is vat, vati. In vulgar pronunciation the consonant v generally passes into the cognate rowel; thus Bhagavati becomes Bhagoti, and Sarasvati, Sarsuti. I am therefore led to suspect that this is the affix which has been used in the formation of such village names as Kharot, Khatauta, Ajinothi, Bilothi, Kajirotlii, Basonti, Bathi, Junsuthi, Sonoth, Budauth, Barauth, Dhanoti, and Tatarota. All these places are presumably old, and nothing can be stated with certainty as to the period of the foundation, but the only one of them in any way remarkable is Bathl Here is the sacred grove of Bahula-ban, with the image of the cow Bahula, who (as told in the Itihas*) addressed such piteous supplications to a tiger who was about to destroy her, that the savage beast could not but spare her life. A meld in her honour is still held on the fourth day of Fuwar? called ' Bahula chaturtM.5 In every other instance where the ban is a place of any celebrity, it has supplied the foundation for the village name, and lias probably done so here too. The transition from Bahula-vati to BatM presents no insuperable difficulty; for a similar change of the dental into the cerebral consonant has occurred in the Hindi pattern,) ' a town/ and in murJta * a fool/ for the Sanskrit rimydJia; the insertion of the aspirate is the only irregu- larity which it is not easy to explain. A third affix which can be more- appropriately noticed here than elsewhere though it has a somewhat different force, is a. This implies primarily ' a pro- duct/ or ' result' Thus from far, the fruit tree, comes the name of the * A collection of stones nppowd to hare beea Mated by BJuma-sena while he lav wounded on the leld of battle.